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Genital Herpes – Its Causes, Symptoms, and Treatments

Genital herpes is a sexually transmitted disease (STD). This STD causes herpetic sores, which are painful blisters (fluid-filled bumps) that can break open and ooze fluid

What is Genital Herpes?  

Genital Herpes is not a common disease and people often people consider it as regular herpes. We all have heard about STD; Genital herpes is one of it. These are very painful blisters that are filled with pus-like fluid and can also break open when pressed too much.

Around 20% of the people suffer from genital herpes. Usually, people from the age of 16 to 50 suffer from this problem.

What are its Causes?

There are two types of herpes viruses:

  1. Herpes Simplex Virus 1 or commonly termed as HSV-1. They are responsible for causing cold sores. Mainly it attacks the areas near your mouth or face, and neck. People also called it as oral herpes.
  2. HSV-2 is responsible for causing sores near your private areas, i.e., rectum or genitals. That is why it is also known as Genital Herpes.

One needs to be extra careful to observe the symptoms at the right time.

HSV-1 or HSV-2 can be found in infected people’s vital fluids, including:

  • Semen (in case of males)
  • Saliva
  • Vaginal secretions (in case of females)

What are its Symptoms?

It is imperative that you understand the symptoms of genital herpes, else it will aggravate and will become very difficult to get treated. The appearance of blisters is known as an outbreak. Your first outbreak/blister will appear within two days after your body comes in contact with this virus.

Symptoms for males:

Common symptoms for men include blisters on buttocks, scrotum, and penis.

These are very painful blisters that are entirely or partially filled with fluid, called as pus. This can break and can cause more pain if not treated timely.

Symptoms for females:

Women can notice the blisters around the vagina, buttocks, and anus. The blisters are filled with pus fluid and are extremely painful.

Common symptoms for men and women include:

  • Sores might be seen on your face, mouth, nearby lips or anywhere else. The part which came in contact with the infected area has higher chances of developing a sore.
  • The area then starts to tingle, itch before one can notice the blisters.
  • The blisters then look like open sores and have fluid.
  • A crust may appear over the sores within a week of the outbreak.
  • The person may have swollen lymph glands which are responsible for fighting inflammation and infection in the body.
  • You may experience fever, body aches and headaches.

What are the Treatments?

Proper and timely treatment should be taken to avoid further outbreaks. Once you are aware of herpes symptoms, it is advisable that you should not delay your treatment. Also if you’re pregnant, it is critical to take utmost care during this period. Tell your doctor about this if you’re pregnant and seek immediate help for immediate recovery.

How can you make sure that you do not get Herpes?

Genital Herpes can spread by unprotected sex of same genders. There is a treatment, but if it is not treated or spotted at the initial stages, it can spread. Then it won’t be easy to cure. Though oral medication is available, still it won’t get healed completely. If the disease is in its stage 1, you can think of curing it.

Another vital point to remember is that do not come in contact even if a single partner is suffering from this disease. It is crucial for both the partners to be aware of this problem. The doctors advise you to have safe sex, but it is the couple’s fault that they tend to miss out on the crucial points.

Points to Remember:

  • It is essential to note that herpes can live on your skin and on that body part which is not protected. So if you have safe sex and use contraceptives, there are fewer chances of this disease to spread.
  • Use condoms to avoid any skin to skin contact. Leave no opportunity for the bacteria to breed on your skin.
  • Talk with your doctor about taking herpes medication. This will create a better understanding of how to prevent this problem from spreading.
  • Stop making out when you see even the slightest sign of herpes. Make sure that you consult your doctor immediately. This is the only way to keep a check and prevent spreading it.
  • Strictly avoid sex when your partner is suffering from herpes outbreak. The areas that the condom does not cover can too have a herpes outbreak.

Many other tips can help you cure herpes. But the only thing is that you and your partner both need to be aware of this disease; then only you can save yourself and your partner.


  • Immunity Badao – Bimari Bhagao