A chronic skin condition, known as Rosacea is identified by a red rash on your face which causes inflammation
It mostly affects the chin, forehead, cheeks and nose. Some people may experience its effects on their legs, arms, scalp, back, and neck. Doctors mainly prescribe antibiotics as its primary treatment.
Rosacea appears same as acne but the two conditions are not related. Lumps, deep cysts or Blackheads are the symptoms of acne and do not appear to people suffering from rosacea. It mostly affects people aged 30–60 years.
Signs And Symptoms
Identifying the disease is the first step to control it. See a doctor instead of self-treatment.
Rosacea begins with flushing of the skin. The skin becomes red, and spider-like veins can be seen on the surface. Here are few of the signs which can tell whether you have rosacea or not:
- Hard and pus-filled pimples.
- Facial skin becomes flaky as well as dry.
- Stinging and burning of the skin.
- Red, sore eyelids and a tendency to develop styles and conjunctivitis.
- Swelling of face and eyelids.
- In advanced cases, the pores of the skin may become prominent, and the nose may become enlarged and unshapely due to skin thickening.
What Are Its Causes?
The exact cause of rosacea is not known. It is thought to be a combination of hereditary and environmental reasons. However, a variety of factors can trigger a reaction of facial blood vessels that can increase the flow of blood to the skin surface resulting in skin flushing and inflammation.
Factors are known to trigger or aggravate the condition:
- Excess alcohol
- Hot drinks and spicy foods
- Application of topical steroids
- Excessive exposure to sunlight or extremely hot or cold temperatures
- Strong winds
- Some facial creams and cosmetics.
What Are TheTreatments?
The main course of treatment for rosacea is oral antibiotics. Antibiotic treatment usually lasts for 6 to 12 weeks depending on the intensity of the disease. Repeat courses of antibiotics are generally not required. The antibiotics work by reducing the inflammation in the structures of the skin and small blood vessels. In severe cases, a high dose of antibiotic is prescribed.
Once the symptoms are under control, doctor might prescribe an antibiotic ointment to apply on the affected area. The duration of application might depend on the affect of the disease.
Usually, an improvement in the condition can be noticed within three to four weeks of completing the antibiotic course. Refer a dermatologist if the disease does not respond to the antibiotic treatment.
There is gradual improvement seen after the medicines are taken. In few cases, rosacea may recur, and in others, it may heal completely. In case rosacea is left untreated, it will worsen the skin condition and then become highly challenging to treat. The early one diagnose the disease, the higher are the chances to treat it fully. For that, one has to follow the full course of the treatment.
Healthy skin care tips to prevent extra irritation of rosacea:
- Clean your skin twice daily using a gentle, soap-free, non-abrasive cleanser
- Oil-based cosmetic products that require solvents for removal should be avoided.
- Buy such facial products which are free from alcohol
- Follow a healthy diet. Avoid drinking alcohol, quit smoking, and even stop drinking hot beverages along with eating hot spicy food.
- Protect the skin from witnessing extreme cold and hot temperatures.
- Use a non-irritating sunscreen with a sun protection factor (SPF) of 30+ to protect your skin from the sun
- Reduce stress levels.