Fibromyalgia is a condition in which causes acute pain aches in the muscles all over the body. It is most common among women than men
Women above the age of 18, especially between the age of 35 to 45 suffer from this painful disorder. It causes extreme pain, tiredness, sleeplessness which reduces the ability to work and do the activities that you could do easily before. You may wonder the reason behind your sudden and unexplained tiredness and body pain, but it’s better to consult the doctor as soon as possible.
Causes of Fibromyalgia
The brain knows when you are hurt, and the signals pass from the point of hurt through the spinal cord to the mind. The brain senses these signals as pain and pain is the indication of that something is wrong in that part of the body. When the hurt part heals, the pain slowly goes away.
But, people who have fibromyalgia have lowered brain neurotransmitters which cause more sensitivity to pain. As a result, minor cuts or bumps feel more painful, and even the person feels pain from things that shouldn’t hurt or didn’t hurt earlier.
There are no specific causes which trigger fibromyalgia in a person. But the following reasons are considered to be the reason behind you getting fibromyalgia.
- Genetic factors: The cause of muscle pain and aches, i.e., fibromyalgia, is greatly attributed to the genes. It is hereditary and may pass from your parents to you.
- Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Women who had a severe accident, or loss of very near and dear ones, rape, or any other terrible events are more likely to suffer from fibromyalgia.
- Abuse: Emotional or physical abuse to women may cause stress and mental pain which gradually leads to fibromyalgia.
- Inactivity: Women who are less active are more likely to develop fibromyalgia. Exercise and adequate physical movement are essential.
Symptoms of Fibromyalgia
The most common symptom of fibromyalgia is a chronic and deep pain in the muscles of the body especially in the ones you use the most like limbs. The pain usually increases during the morning. The other symptoms in women include:
- Extreme tiredness (fatigue)
- Muscle fatigue
- Memory problems
- Mood problems
- Painful menstrual cramps
- Numbness in hands or legs
- Restless leg syndrome
- Sensitivity to temperature, bright light, and loud sounds.
Hormonal changes during menstruation or pregnancy, stress, depression, and changes in weather augments the pain and ache.
Risk Factors in Women
Women who are obese, who smoke, or who have rheumatoid arthritis are more likely to develop fibromyalgia. Also, women who have a close relative suffering from this disease also have the chances of getting the same. Women who had experienced traumatic incidents in their lives are also at higher risk of suffering from fibromyalgia.
Diagnosis of Fibromyalgia in Women
There are no tests for fibromyalgia, and the doctor may confirm the disease if you have chronic pain in the muscles of your body for more than three months, and if you show the associated symptoms like fatigue, memory and sleep problems. However, body pain is also the symptoms of other diseases, and it is essential on your part to describe the symptoms accurately to your doctor for the correct diagnosis.
Treatment of Fibromyalgia in Women
- Several drugs may help to reduce the pain but not entirely. Sometimes antidepressants may help to reduce the stress and mental anxiety and somewhat improve the mood.
- Exercise is effective in reducing the pain and body ache in fibromyalgia. People who exercise regularly feel the intensity of pain in their muscles reduce, sleep become sound and fatigue lessen.
- Breathing exercises also help to fight the pain during fibromyalgia. Breathing deeply heals the body miraculously.
- Women with fibromyalgia find the counseling sessions with therapists very helpful.
Living with it all the time isn’t comfortable at all, but not paying attention to the pain, being active and happy can help a woman with fibromyalgia to a great extent. Consult your doctor if the pain in muscles increases to unbearable levels.